Outcome of arthroscopic pectoralis minor release a
nd scapulopexy for the management of scapulothorac
ic abnormal motion

News Type : Research Publication
News Post Date : 2024-01-09

Thirty-one consecutive patients were included in the study period between 2017 and 2020. Average age at the time of surgery was 24 years (range, 14-44 years), 80% of patients were female, and average follow-up after surgery was 23 months (range, 15-39 months). Thirteen patients also had a diagnosis of recurrent posterior instability. At final follow-up, 81% reported significant improvements in their STAM, as demonstrated by improved mean pain scale, ROM, SSV, and Constant scores. Pain improved from 6 (range, 4-10) to 2 (range, 1-4), SSV from 30% (range, 10%-40%) to 75% (range, 60%-100%), and Constant score from 49 (range, 43-61) preoperatively to 79 (range, 51-100) postoperatively (P < .01). All 13 patients with recurrent associated posterior instability had resolution of their instability. Flexion ROM improved from average 100° (range, 60°-150°) to 140° (range, 120°-160°). One patient had traumatic rupture of her scapulopexy 7 weeks postoperatively and underwent revision scapulopexy. Thirteen percent had minimal improvement after surgery and experienced recurrence 3 months postoperatively. Conclusion In patients with symptomatic STAM secondary to pectoralis minor hyperactivity and serratus anterior hypoactivity, arthroscopic pectoralis minor release and scapulopexy is an effective surgical option.